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Archive for the ‘Rural Development in Developing Countries’ Category

I now changed the header image from the cartoon and the AK-47-fish to a picture of a herd of gnu which I took in the Etosha National Park of Namibia.

The fish was taken from a French poster about the documentary “Darwin’s Nightmare”. It shows the French title and beneath firstly a normal fish, then beneath the same fish, but half as skeleton and half as a gun (which was the part I used in my blog), and thirdly the fish has completely changed into a gun.

The poster tells the main story of the documentary. As I know it goes about the delivering of weapons from industrial countries to the region of the Lake Victoria in Africa. After deliberating what they could take back in the empty aeroplanes they decided to bring a new fish into Lake Victoria. It was called Lake Victoria perch and taken with the aeroplanes. This fish killed all other fishes in the lake which made the people at the lake loosing their traditional main source of nutrition. So they are said to had to eat the rubbish of the local fish production industry that processed the Lake Victoria perch – a globalisation tragedy. The lake had fish for the industrial countries and the Africans got weapons instead.

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Zitat:

“Belo Monte: Euer Profit zerstört unser Leben

Liebe Freundinnen und Freunde des Regenwaldes,

über eine Milliarde Euro kassieren derzeit europäische Firmen – für ihren Beitrag zum Mega-Staudamm Belo Monte in Brasilien.

Doch für das Großprojekt sollen bis zu 40.000 Menschen aus ihrer Heimat vertrieben werden. Darunter viele Indigene, die hier in Harmonie mit dem Wald und seinen Flüssen leben.

Die Unternehmen sprechen von sauberer Energie, doch nichts könnte weiter von der Wahrheit entfernt sein. 600 km² Regenwald sollen einfach geflutet werden. Durch die verfaulenden Pflanzen würden gigantische Mengen an Treibhausgasen freigesetzt.

Besorgniserregend: Belo Monte ist nicht das einzige Projekt seiner Art. 150 weitere Staudämme sind in Amazonien geplant. Und an allen Projekten wollen europäische Firmen verdienen.

Bitte fordern Sie die Unternehmen auf, sich aus Belo Monte zurückzuziehen und sich nur an umwelt- und sozialverträglichen Projekten zu beteiligen.

Jetzt unterschreiben [ http://www.regenwald.org/aktion/876?mt=1379 ]

Aufruf zu Protestaktionen gegen Belo Monte in Berlin und Heidenheim am 20. Juni
Zum Auf­takt des Rio+20-Gip­fels rufen Rettet den Regenwald, Ge­gen­Strö­mung, KoBra, FDCL und wei­te­re Orga­ni­sa­tio­nen zu Pro­tes­ten gegen den Belo Mon­te-Staudamm auf. Ak­ti­vi­tä­ten wird es am 20. Juni zeit­gleich vor der Kon­zern­zen­tra­le von Voith in Hei­den­heim und vor der bra­si­lia­ni­schen Bot­schaft in Ber­lin geben.Pro­test­ak­ti­on Ber­lin
Ort: ge­gen­über der Bra­si­lia­ni­schen Bot­schaft in Ber­lin, Wall­stra­ße 57, 10179 Ber­lin
Zeit: Mitt­woch, 20.06.2012, 11:00 – 13:30 Uhr

Pro­test­ak­ti­on Hei­den­heim (Über­ga­be unseres Anschreibens)
Ort: Heidenheim, Voith Konzernzentrale, Sankt Pöltener Straße 43, 89522 Heidenheim
Zeit: Mittwoch, 20.06.2012, 11h – 12h

Mit freundlichen Grüßen und herzlichem Dank

Reinhard Behrend
Rettet den Regenwald e. V.

040 4103804
info@regenwald.org
http://www.regenwald.org

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To let you know what is going on with the host at the salon I would like to tell you about my research project in Namibia. My plan is to conduct research for my master’s thesis at the HNE as an intern with a Namibian NGO or other organisation like the Ministry of Environment and Tourism in 2012.

The research idea is to find out how political processes on the community level regarding Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) can be furthered and optimised. The aspect of empowerment of people is important for me.

Some interesting topics could be indigenous peoples, the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA), sustainable community development, grassroots democracy or Transboundary Natural Resource Management (TBNRM). Of course I am open to any other research fields suggested by interested organisations as well.

I have already contacted several Namibian organisations and got an invitation from one of them to contact them again during my three weeks preparatory stay in Windhoek which I will have later this year. During that stay I want to get deeper knowledge about the country and its people.

I want to use the time to go to libraries, talk to experts and people on the street as well as other tourists and make one or two tours to the countryside. But first of all I will visit all organisations of interest in Windhoek to apply for an internship. I am looking forward to getting to know Namibia!

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I uploaded an article of the World Bank in its “Joint Notes, Land Policy and Administration” called “Rising Global Interest in Farmland and the Importance of Responsible Agricultural Investment”.

Click here:

Rising Global Interest in Farmland – The Worldbank

Since the world economic crisis from 2008 prices for some agricultural products exploded and investing in farmland in developing countries was getting attractive. The article is based on the Worldbank report “Rising Global Interest in Farmland: Can it Yield Sustainable and Equitable Benefits?” It contains the research results about 14 countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia. There are examples of methodologies seen as effective for some of the countries. According to the article especially in Africa investments did not achieve their full potential in terms of productivity and poverty reduction because of:

  • Weak land governance and a failure to recognize or protect local communities’ land rights;
  • Lack of country capacity to process and manage large-scale investments;
  • Investor proposals that were insufficiently elaborated or technically non-viable; and
  • Lack of a development strategy to determine whether large-scale investment can be instrumental in helping the host country to achieve its development objectives, and if it is suitable, where and how investment can contribute to those objectives.

Some of the methodologies are:

  • Securing local land rights, participatory mapping, and land use planning; and
  • Ensuring compliance with environmental safeguards

These are only some of the aspects of the report. You can click here: Worldbank Report “Rising Global Interest in Farmland: Can it Yield Sustainable and Equitable Benefits?” for downloading the report as pdf file. It is written by Deininger et al., 2011, and comes from the Worldbank’s “Open Knowledge Repository”.

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